最終更新:2013-04-14 (日) 23:41:27 (2373d)  

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template char

Unicode mapping layer for the standard C library

概要

  • tchar.hを使用することにより、同じソースから、1 バイト、マルチバイト文字セット (MBCS)、およびUnicodeの各アプリケーションをビルドできます。
  • tchar.hでは、プレフィックス_tcs?の付いたマクロが定義されており、正しいプリプロセッサ定義に応じてstr_mbs?wcs?のいずれかの関数に割り当てられます。
    • MBCSでビルドするには、シンボル _MBCSを定義します。
    • Unicodeでビルドするには、シンボル _UNICODE を定義します。
    • 1バイトアプリケーションをビルドする場合は、どちらも定義しません。

_TCHAR

  • _TCHARデータ型は、tchar.hで条件に応じて定義されます。
    • ビルドのために _UNICODEシンボルが定義されている場合は、_TCHARwchar_tとして定義されます。
      • _tcs?ファミリの関数を使う必要がある
    • それ以外の場合は、1バイトとMBCSをビルドするためにcharとして定義されます。

TCHAR

  • _UNICODEの時
    #if     !__STDC__
    typedef wchar_t     TCHAR;
    #endif
  • else
    #if     !__STDC__
    typedef char            TCHAR;
    #endif
  • __STDC__(ANSI C準拠)の時はTCHARは定義されない

汎用テキストのデータ型のマップ

汎用テキストデータ型名_UNICODEおよび_MBCSが未定義の場合_MBCSが定義されている場合_UNICODEが定義されている場合
_TCHARcharcharwchar_t
_TINT?intintwint_t?
_TSCHAR?signed char?signed char?wchar_t
_TUCHAR?unsigned charunsigned charwchar_t
_TXCHAR?charunsigned charwchar_t
_Tまたは_TEXT影響なし (プリプロセッサによって削除される)影響なし (プリプロセッサによって削除される)L (後続の文字や文字列を対応する Unicode の文字や文字列に変換する)

関連:なんとかSTR

型名UNICODE非UNICODE時
LPTSTRLPWSTRLPSTR (char*)
LPCTSTRLPCWSTR?LPCSTR (const char*)

汎用テキストルーチンのマップ

汎用テキスト ルーチンの名前SBCS (_UNICODE_MBCSが未定義) の場合_MBCSが定義されている場合_UNICODEが定義されている場合
_cgetts?_cgets?_cgets?_cgetws?
_cgetts_s?_cgets_s?_cgets_s?_cgetws_s?
_cputts?_cputs?_cputs?_cputws?
_fgettc?fgetc?fgetc?fgetwc?
_fgettchar?_fgetchar?_fgetchar?_fgetwchar?
_fgetts?fgets?fgets?fgetws?
_fputtc?fputc?fputc?fputwc?
_fputtchar?_fputchar?_fputchar?_fputwchar?
_fputts?fputs?fputs?fputws?
_ftprintf?fprintf?fprintf?fwprintf?
_ftprintf_s?fprintf_s?fprintf_s?fwprintf_s?
_ftscanf?fscanffscanffwscanf?
_ftscanf_s?fscanf_s?fscanf_s?fwscanf_s?
_gettc?getc?getc?getwc?
_gettch?_getch?_getch?_getwch?
_gettchar?getchargetchargetwchar?
_gettche?_getche?_getche?_getwche?
_getts?getsgetsgetws?
_getts_s?gets_s?gets_s?getws_s?
_istalnum?isalnum?_ismbcalnum?iswalnum?
_istalpha?isalpha?_ismbcalpha?iswalpha?
_istascii?isascii?isascii?iswascii?
_istcntrl?iscntrl?iscntrl?iswcntrl?
_istdigit?isdigit?_ismbcdigit?iswdigit?
_istgraph?isgraph?_ismbcgraph?iswgraph?
_istlead?常にfalseを返す_ismbblead?常にfalseを返す
_istleadbyte?常にfalseを返すisleadbyte?常にfalseを返す
_istlegal?常にtrueを返す_ismbclegal?常にtrueを返す
_istlower?islower_ismbclower?iswlower?
_istprint?isprint?_ismbcprint?iswprint?
_istpunct?ispunct?_ismbcpunct?iswpunct?
_istspace?isspace?_ismbcspace?iswspace?
_istupper?isupper?_ismbcupper?iswupper?
_istxdigit?isxdigit?isxdigit?iswxdigit?
_itot?_itoa?_itoa?_itow?
_itot_s?_itoa_s?_itoa_s?_itow_s?
_ltot?_ltoa?_ltoa?_ltow?
_ltot_s?_ltoa_s?_ltoa_s?_ltow_s?
_puttc?putc?putc?putwc?
_puttch?_putch?_putch?_putwch?
_puttchar?putcharputcharputwchar?
_putts?putsputs_putws?
_sctprintf?_scprintf?_scprintf?_scwprintf?
_sntprintf?_snprintf?_snprintf?_snwprintf?
_sntprintf_s?_snprintf_s?_snprintf_s?_snwprintf_s?
_sntscanf?_snscanf?_snscanf?_snwscanf?
_sntscanf_s?_snscanf_s?_snscanf_s?_snwscanf_s?
_stprintf?sprintfsprintfswprintf?
_stprintf_s?sprintf_ssprintf_sswprintf_s?
_stscanf?sscanf?sscanf?swscanf?
_stscanf_s?sscanf_s?sscanf_s?swscanf_s?
_taccess?_access?_access?_waccess?
_taccess_s?_access_s?_access_s?_waccess_s?
_tasctime?asctime?asctime?_wasctime?
_tasctime_s?asctime_s?asctime_s?_wasctime_s?
_tccmp?マクロまたはインライン関数に割り当てる_mbsncmp?マクロまたはインライン関数に割り当てる
_tccpy?マクロまたはインライン関数に割り当てる_mbccpy?マクロまたはインライン関数に割り当てる
_tccpy_s?strcpy_s?_mbccpy_s?wcscpy_s?
_tchdir?_chdir?_chdir?_wchdir?
_tclen?マクロまたはインライン関数に割り当てる_mbclen?マクロまたはインライン関数に割り当てる
_tchmod?_chmod?_chmod?_wchmod?
_tcprintf?_cprintf?_cprintf?_cwprintf?
_tcprintf_s?_cprintf_s?_cprintf_s?_cwprintf_s?
_tcreat?_creat?_creat?_wcreat?
_tcscanf?_cscanf?_cscanf?_cwscanf?
_tcscanf_s?_cscanf_s?_cscanf_s?_cwscanf_s?
_tcscat?strcat_mbscat?wcscat?
_tcscat_s?strcat_s?_mbscat_s?wcscat_s?
_tcschr?strchr?_mbschr?wcschr?
_tcsclen?strlen_mbslen?wcslen?
_tcsclen_s?strlen_s?_mbslen_s?wcslen_s?
_tcscmp?strcmp_mbscmp?wcscmp?
_tcscoll?strcoll?_mbscoll?wcscoll?
_tcscpy?strcpy_mbscpy?wcscpy?
_tcscpy_s?strcpy_s?_mbscpy_s?wcscpy_s?
_tcscspn?strcspn?_mbscspn?wcscspn?
_tcsdec?_strdec?_mbsdec?_wcsdec?
_tcsdup?_strdup?_mbsdup?_wcsdup?
_tcserror?strerrorstrerror_wcserror?
_tcserror_s?strerror_s?strerror_s?_wcserror_s?
_tcsftime?strftimestrftimewcsftime?
_tcsicmp?_stricmp?_mbsicmp?_wcsicmp?
_tcsicoll?_stricoll?_mbsicoll?_wcsicoll?
_tcsinc?_strinc?_mbsinc?_wcsinc?
_tcslen?strlenstrlenwcslen?
_tcslen_s?strlen_s?strlen_s?wcslen_s?
_tcslwr?_strlwr?_mbslwr?_wcslwr?
_tcslwr_s?_strlwr_s?_mbslwr_s?_wcslwr_s?
_tcsnbcnt?_strncnt?_mbsnbcnt?_wcsncnt?
_tcsncat?strncat?_mbsnbcat?wcsncat?
_tcsncat_s?strncat_s?_mbsnbcat_s?wcsncat_s?
_tcsnccat?strncat?_mbsncat?wcsncat?
_tcsnccmp?strncmp?_mbsncmp?wcsncmp?
_tcsnccmp_s?strncmp_s?_mbsncmp_s?wcsncmp_s?
_tcsnccoll?_strncoll?_mbsncoll?_wcsncoll?
_tcsncmp?strncmp?_mbsnbcmp?wcsncmp?
_tcsnccnt?_strncnt?_mbsnccnt?_wcsncnt?
_tcsnccpy?strncpy_mbsncpy?wcsncpy?
_tcsnccpy_s?strncpy_s?_mbsncpy_s?wcsncpy_s?
_tcsncicmp?_strnicmp?_mbsnicmp?_wcsnicmp?
_tcsncicoll?_strnicoll?_mbsnicoll?_wcsnicoll?
_tcsncpy?strncpy_mbsnbcpy?wcsncpy?
_tcsncpy_s?strncpy_s?_mbsnbcpy_s?wcsncpy_s?
_tcsncset?_strnset?_mbsnset?_wcsnset?
_tcsnextc?_strnextc?_mbsnextc?_wcsnextc?
_tcsnicmp?_strnicmp?_mbsnbicmp?_wcsnicmp?
_tcsnicoll?_strnicoll?_mbsnbicoll?_wcsnicoll?
_tcsninc?_strninc?_mbsninc?_wcsninc?
_tcsnccnt?_strncnt?_mbsnccnt?_wcsncnt?
_tcsnset?_strnset?_mbsnbset?_wcsnset?
_tcspbrk?strpbrk?_mbspbrk?wcspbrk?
_tcsspnp?_strspnp?_mbsspnp?_wcsspnp?
_tcsrchr?strrchr?_mbsrchr?wcsrchr?
_tcsrev?_strrev?_mbsrev?_wcsrev?
_tcsset?_strset?_mbsset?_wcsset?
_tcsspn?strspn?_mbsspn?wcsspn?
_tcsstr?strstr_mbsstr?wcsstr?
_tcstod?strtodstrtodwcstod?
_tcstoi64?_strtoi64?_strtoi64?_wcstoi64?
_tcstok?strtok_mbstok?wcstok?
_tcstok_s?strtok_s?_mbstok_s?wcstok_s?
_tcstol?strtol?strtol?wcstol?
_tcstoui64?_strtoui64?_strtoui64?_wcstoui64?
_tcstoul?strtoul?strtoul?wcstoul?
_tcsupr?_strupr?_mbsupr?_wcsupr?
_tcsupr_s?_strupr_s?_mbsupr_s?_wcsupr_s?
_tcsxfrm?strxfrm?strxfrm?wcsxfrm?
_tctime?ctimectime_wctime?
_tctime_s?ctime_s?ctime_s?_wctime_s?
_tctime32?_ctime32?_ctime32?_wctime32?
_tctime32_s?_ctime32_s?_ctime32_s?_wctime32_s?
_tctime64?_ctime64?_ctime64?_wctime64?
_tctime64_s?_ctime64_s?_ctime64_s?_wctime64_s?
_texecl?_execl?_execl?_wexecl?
_texecle?_execle?_execle?_wexecle?
_texeclp?_execlp?_execlp?_wexeclp?
_texeclpe?_execlpe?_execlpe?_wexeclpe?
_texecv?_execv?_execv?_wexecv?
_texecve?_execve?_execve?_wexecve?
_texecvp?_execvp?_execvp?_wexecvp?
_texecvpe?_execvpe?_execvpe?_wexecvpe?
_tfdopen?_fdopen?_fdopen?_wfdopen?
_tfindfirst?_findfirst?_findfirst?_wfindfirst?
_tfindnext?_findnext?_findnext?_wfindnext?
_tfindnext32?_findnext32?_findnext32?_wfindnext32?
_tfindnext64?_findnext64?_findnext64?_wfindnext64?
_tfindnexti64?_findnexti64?_findnexti64?_wfindnexti64?
_tfindnexti6432?_findnexti6432?_findnexti6432?_wfindnexti6432?
_tfindnext32i64?_findnext32i64?_findnext32i64?_wfindnext32i64?
_tfopen?fopenfopen_wfopen?
_tfopen_s?fopen_sfopen_s_wfopen_s?
_tfreopen?freopenfreopen_wfreopen?
_tfreopen_s?freopen_s?freopen_s?_wfreopen_s?
_tfsopen?_fsopen?_fsopen?_wfsopen?
_tfullpath?_fullpath?_fullpath?_wfullpath?
_tgetcwd?_getcwd_getcwd_wgetcwd?
_tgetdcwd?_getdcwd?_getdcwd?_wgetdcwd?
_tgetenv?getenv?getenv?_wgetenv?
_tgetenv_s?getenv_s?getenv_s?_wgetenv_s?
_tmainmainmainwmain
_tmakepath?_makepath?_makepath?_wmakepath?
_tmakepath_s?_makepath_s?_makepath_s?_wmakepath_s?
_tmkdir?_mkdir?_mkdir?_wmkdir?
_tmktemp?_mktemp?_mktemp?_wmktemp?
_tmktemp_s?_mktemp_s?_mktemp_s?_wmktemp_s?
_topen?_open?_open?_wopen?
_topen_s?_open_s?_open_s?_wopen_s?
_totlower?tolower?_mbctolower?towlower?
_totupper?toupper?_mbctoupper?towupper?
_tperror?perrorperror_wperror?
_tpopen?_popen?_popen?_wpopen?
_tprintfprintfprintfwprintf?
_tprintf_s?printf_s?printf_s?wprintf_s?
_tputenv?_putenv?_putenv?_wputenv?
_tputenv_s?_putenv_s?_putenv_s?_wputenv_s?
_tremove?remove?remove?_wremove?
_trename?rename?rename?_wrename?
_trmdir?_rmdir?_rmdir?_wrmdir?
_tsearchenv?_searchenv?_searchenv?_wsearchenv?
_tsearchenv_s?_searchenv_s?_searchenv_s?_wsearchenv_s?
_tscanf?scanfscanfwscanf?
_tscanf_s?scanf_s?scanf_s?wscanf_s?
_tsetlocale?setlocalesetlocale_wsetlocale?
_tsopen?_sopen?_sopen?_wsopen?
_tsopen_s?_sopen_s?_sopen_s?_wsopen_s?
_tspawnl?_spawnl?_spawnl?_wspawnl?
_tspawnle?_spawnle?_spawnle?_wspawnle?
_tspawnlp?_spawnlp?_spawnlp?_wspawnlp?
_tspawnlpe?_spawnlpe?_spawnlpe?_wspawnlpe?
_tspawnv?_spawnv?_spawnv?_wspawnv?
_tspawnve?_spawnve?_spawnve?_wspawnve?
_tspawnvp?_spawnvp?_spawnvp?_wspawnvp?
_tspawnvpe?_spawnvpe?_spawnvpe?_wspawnvpe?
_tsplitpath?_splitpath?_splitpath?_wsplitpath?
_tstat?_stat?_stat?_wstat?
_tstat32?_stat32?_stat32?_wstat32?
_tstati32?_stati32?_stati32?_wstati32?
_tstat64?_stat64?_stat64?_wstat64?
_tstati64?_stati64?_stati64?_wstati64?
_tstof?atofatof_wtof?
_tstoi?atoiatoi_wtoi?
_tstoi64?_atoi64?_atoi64?_wtoi64?
_tstol?atol?atol?_wtol?
_tstrdate?_strdate?_strdate?_wstrdate?
_tstrdate_s?_strdate_s?_strdate_s?_wstrdate_s?
_tstrtime?_strtime?_strtime?_wstrtime?
_tstrtime_s?_strtime_s?_strtime_s?_wstrtime_s?
_tsystem?systemsystem_wsystem?
_ttempnam?_tempnam?_tempnam?_wtempnam?
_ttmpnam?tmpnam?tmpnam?_wtmpnam?
_ttmpnam_s?tmpnam_s?tmpnam_s?_wtmpnam_s?
_ttoi?atoiatoi_wtoi?
_ttoi64?_atoi64?_atoi64?_wtoi64?
_ttol?atol?atol?_wtol?
_tunlink?_unlink?_unlink?_wunlink?
_tutime?_utime?_utime?_wutime?
_tutime32?_utime32?_utime32?_wutime32?
_tutime64?_utime64?_utime64?_wutime64?
_tWinMainWinMainWinMainwWinMain
_ui64tot?_ui64toa?_ui64toa?_ui64tow?
_ui64tot_s?_ui64toa_s?_ui64toa_s?_ui64tow_s?
_ultot?_ultoa?_ultoa?_ultow?
_ultot_s?_ultoa_s?_ultoa_s?_ultow_s?
_ungettc?ungetc?ungetc?ungetwc?
_ungettch?_ungetch?_ungetch?_ungetwch?
_vftprintf?vfprintf?vfprintf?vfwprintf?
_vftprintf_s?vfprintf_s?vfprintf_s?vfwprintf_S?
_vsctprintf?_vscprintf?_vscprintf?_vscwprintf?
_vsctprintf_s?_vscprintf_s?_vscprintf_s?_vscwprintf_S?
_vsntprintf?_vsnprintf?_vsnprintf?_vsnwprintf?
_vsntprintf_s?_vsnprintf_s?_vsnprintf_s?_vsnwprintf_s?
_vstprintf?vsprintf?vsprintf?vswprintf?
_vstprintf_s?vsprintf_s?vsprintf_s?vswprintf_s?
_vtprintf?vprintf?vprintf?vwprintf?
_vtprintf_s?vprintf_s?vprintf_s?vwprintf_s?

メモ

  • #define _T(x) __T?(x)
  • #define _TEXT(x) __T?(x)

関連

参考