最終更新:2014-04-12 (土) 08:02:55 (2422d)  

tree
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Linux

再帰的にファイル一覧

  • tree -fi

ディレクトリだけ

  • tree -fdi

階層を制限

  • tree -L 2

その他

  • tree -s //サイズを表示
    tree -a //ドットファイルも表示

man

  • TREE(1)                                     General Commands Manual                                    TREE(1)
    
    
    
    NAME
           tree - list contents of directories in a tree-like format.
    
    SYNOPSIS
           tree  [-acdfghilnpqrstuvxACDFQNSUX]  [-L level [-R]] [-H baseHREF] [-T title] [-o filename] [--nolinks]
           [-P pattern]  [-I  pattern]  [--inodes]  [--device]  [--noreport]  [--dirsfirst]  [--version]  [--help]
           [--filelimit #] [--si] [--prune] [--du] [--timefmt format] [directory ...]
    
    DESCRIPTION
           Tree is a recursive directory listing program that produces a depth indented listing of files, which is
           colorized ala dircolors if the LS_COLORS environment variable is set and output is  to  tty.   With  no
           arguments,  tree  lists  the  files in the current directory.  When directory arguments are given, tree
           lists all the files and/or directories found in the given directories each in turn.  Upon completion of
           listing all files/directories found, tree returns the total number of files and/or directories listed.
    
           By  default,  when a symbolic link is encountered, the path that the symbolic link refers to is printed
           after the name of the link in the format:
    
               name -> real-path
    
           If the `-l' option is given and the symbolic link refers to an actual directory, then tree will  follow
           the path of the symbolic link as if it were a real directory.
    
    
    OPTIONS
           Tree understands the following command line switches:
    
    
    LISTING OPTIONS
           -a     All  files are printed.  By default tree does not print hidden files (those beginning with a dot
                  `.').  In no event does tree print the file system constructs `.' (current directory)  and  `..'
                  (previous directory).
    
           -d     List directories only.
    
           -l     Follows symbolic links if they point to directories, as if they were directories. Symbolic links
                  that will result in recursion are avoided when detected.
    
           -f     Prints the full path prefix for each file.
    
           -x     Stay on the current file-system only.  Ala find -xdev.
    
           -L level
                  Max display depth of the directory tree.
    
           -R     Recursively cross down the tree each level directories (see -L option), and at each of them exe‐
                  cute tree again adding `-o 00Tree.html' as a new option.
    
           -P pattern
                  List  only  those  files  that match the wild-card pattern.  Note: you must use the -a option to
                  also consider those files beginning with a dot `.'  for matching.  Valid wildcard operators  are
                  `*'  (any  zero  or  more characters), `?' (any single character), `[...]' (any single character
                  listed between brackets (optional - (dash) for character range may  be  used:  ex:  [A-Z]),  and
                  `[^...]' (any single character not listed in brackets) and `|' separates alternate patterns.
    
           -I pattern
                  Do not list those files that match the wild-card pattern.
    
           --prune
                  Makes  tree  prune empty directories from the output, useful when used in conjunction with -P or
                  -I.  See BUGS AND NOTES below for more information on this option.
    
           --noreport
                  Omits printing of the file and directory report at the end of the tree listing.
    
           --charset charset
                  Set the character set to use when outputting HTML and for line drawing.
    
           --filelimit #
                  Do not descend directories that contain more than # entries.
    
           --timefmt format
                  Prints (implies -D) and formats the date according to the format string  which  uses  the  strf‐
                  time(3) syntax.
    
           -o filename
                  Send output to filename.
    
    FILE OPTIONS
           -q     Print non-printable characters in filenames as question marks instead of the default.
    
           -N     Print non-printable characters as is instead of as escaped octal numbers.
    
           -Q     Quote the names of files in double quotes.
    
           -p     Print the file type and permissions for each file (as per ls -l).
    
           -u     Print the username, or UID # if no username is available, of the file.
    
           -g     Print the group name, or GID # if no group name is available, of the file.
    
           -s     Print the size of each file in bytes along with the name.
    
           -h     Print  the  size of each file but in a more human readable way, e.g. appending a size letter for
                  kilobytes (K), megabytes (M), gigabytes (G), terabytes (T), petabytes (P) and exabytes (E).
    
           --si   Like -h but use SI units (powers of 1000) instead.
    
           --du   For each directory report its size as the accumulation of sizes of all its files and  sub-direc‐
                  tories  (and their files, and so on).  The total amount of used space is also given in the final
                  report (like the 'du -c' command.) This option requires tree to read the entire  directory  tree
                  before emitting it, see BUGS AND NOTES below.  Implies -s.
    
           -D     Print  the  date of the last modification time or if -c is used, the last status change time for
                  the file listed.
    
           -F     Append a `/' for directories, a `=' for socket files, a `*' for  executable  files,  a  `>'  for
                  doors (Solaris) and a `|' for FIFO's, as per ls -F
    
           --inodes
                  Prints the inode number of the file or directory
    
           --device
                  Prints the device number to which the file or directory belongs
    
    SORTING OPTIONS
           -v     Sort the output by version.
    
           -r     Sort the output in reverse alphabetic order.
    
           -t     Sort the output by last modification time instead of alphabetically.
    
           -c     Sort  the  output  by  last status change instead of alphabetically.  Modifies the -D option (if
                  used) to print the last status change instead of modification time.
    
           -U     Do not sort.  Lists files in directory order. Disables --dirsfirst.
    
           --dirsfirst
                  List directories before files. This is a meta-sort that alters the above sorts.  This option  is
                  disabled when -U is used.
    
    GRAPHICS OPTIONS
           -i     Makes tree not print the indentation lines, useful when used in conjunction with the -f option.
    
           -A     Turn on ANSI line graphics hack when printing the indentation lines.
    
           -S     Turn  on  ASCII  line  graphics (useful when using Linux console mode fonts). This option is now
                  equivalent to `--charset=IBM437' and may eventually be depreciated.
    
           -n     Turn colorization off always, over-ridden by the -C option.
    
           -C     Turn colorization on always, using built-in color defaults if the LS_COLORS environment variable
                  is not set.  Useful to colorize output to a pipe.
    
    XML/HTML OPTIONS
           -X     Turn on XML output. Outputs the directory tree as an XML formatted file.
    
           -H baseHREF
                  Turn  on  HTML output, including HTTP references. Useful for ftp sites.  baseHREF gives the base
                  ftp location when using HTML output. That is, the local directory may be  `/local/ftp/pub',  but
                  it   must   be   referenced  as  `ftp://hostname.organization.domain/pub'  (baseHREF  should  be
                  `ftp://hostname.organization.domain'). Hint: don't use ANSI lines with this  option,  and  don't
                  give  more  than  one  directory in the directory list. If you wish to use colors via CCS style-
                  sheet, use the -C option in addition to this option to force color output.
    
           -T title
                  Sets the title and H1 header string in HTML output mode.
    
           --nolinks
                  Turns off hyperlinks in HTML output.
    
    MISC OPTIONS
           --help Outputs a verbose usage listing.
    
           --version
                  Outputs the version of tree.
    
    FILES
           /etc/DIR_COLORS          System color database.
           ~/.dircolors        Users color database.
    
    
    ENVIRONMENT
           LS_COLORS      Color information created by dircolors
           TREE_COLORS    Uses this for color information over LS_COLORS if it is set.
           TREE_CHARSET   Character set for tree to use in HTML mode.
           LC_CTYPE       Locale for filename output.
           LC_TIME        Locale for timefmt output, see strftime(3).
           TZ             Timezone for timefmt output, see strftime(3).
    
    
    AUTHOR
           Steve Baker (ice@mama.indstate.edu)
           HTML output hacked by Francesc Rocher (rocher@econ.udg.es)
           Charsets and OS/2 support by Kyosuke Tokoro (NBG01720@nifty.ne.jp)
    
    
    BUGS AND NOTES
           Tree does not prune "empty" directories when the -P and -I options are used by default. Use the --prune
           option.
    
           The -h and --si options round to the nearest whole number unlike the ls implementations which rounds up
           always.
    
           Pruning files and directories  with  the  -I,  -P  and  --filelimit  options  will  lead  to  incorrect
           file/directory count reports.
    
           The --prune and --du options cause tree to accumulate the entire tree in memory before emitting it. For
           large directory trees this can cause a significant delay in output and the use of large amounts of mem‐
           ory.
    
           The timefmt expansion buffer is limited to a ridiculously large 255 characters.  Output of time strings
           longer than this will be undefined, but are guaranteed to not exceed 255 characters.
    
           XML trees are not colored, which is a bit of a shame.
    
           Probably more.
    
    
    SEE ALSO
           dircolors(1), ls(1), find(1), du(1), strftime(3)
    
    
    
    Tree 1.6.0                                                                                             TREE(1)

Windows

C:>tree /?
ドライブやパスのフォルダー構造を図式表示します。

TREE [ドライブ:][パス] [/F] [/A]

   /F   各フォルダーのファイル名を表示します。
   /A   拡張文字ではなく、ASCII 文字で表示します。