最終更新:2022-05-16 (月) 15:12:54 (9d)  

dpkg
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http://qref.sourceforge.net/Debian/quick-reference/ch-package.ja.html

sudo dpkg -i *.deb

コマンド

インストール

  • dpkg -i debFileName

インストールされているパッケージのリスト

パッケージの削除

  • dpkg -r packageName
    dpkg -purge packageName #設定も消す

引数

  • -l, --list package-name-pattern...
    • List packages matching given pattern.
  • -L, --listfiles package-name...
    • List files installed to your system from package-name.

help

  • Usage: dpkg [<option> ...] <command>
    
    Commands:
      -i|--install       <.deb file name> ... | -R|--recursive <directory> ...
      --unpack           <.deb file name> ... | -R|--recursive <directory> ...
      -A|--record-avail  <.deb file name> ... | -R|--recursive <directory> ...
      --configure        <package> ... | -a|--pending
      --triggers-only    <package> ... | -a|--pending
      -r|--remove        <package> ... | -a|--pending
      -P|--purge         <package> ... | -a|--pending
      -V|--verify <package> ...        Verify the integrity of package(s).
      --get-selections [<pattern> ...] Get list of selections to stdout.
      --set-selections                 Set package selections from stdin.
      --clear-selections               Deselect every non-essential package.
      --update-avail [<Packages-file>] Replace available packages info.
      --merge-avail [<Packages-file>]  Merge with info from file.
      --clear-avail                    Erase existing available info.
      --forget-old-unavail             Forget uninstalled unavailable pkgs.
      -s|--status <package> ...        Display package status details.
      -p|--print-avail <package> ...   Display available version details.
      -L|--listfiles <package> ...     List files 'owned' by package(s).
      -l|--list [<pattern> ...]        List packages concisely.
      -S|--search <pattern> ...        Find package(s) owning file(s).
      -C|--audit [<package> ...]       Check for broken package(s).
      --yet-to-unpack                  Print packages selected for installation.
      --predep-package                 Print pre-dependencies to unpack.
      --add-architecture <arch>        Add <arch> to the list of architectures.
      --remove-architecture <arch>     Remove <arch> from the list of architectures.
      --print-architecture             Print dpkg architecture.
      --print-foreign-architectures    Print allowed foreign architectures.
      --assert-<feature>               Assert support for the specified feature.
      --validate-<thing> <string>      Validate a <thing>'s <string>.
      --compare-versions <a> <op> <b>  Compare version numbers - see below.
      --force-help                     Show help on forcing.
      -Dh|--debug=help                 Show help on debugging.
    
      -?, --help                       Show this help message.
          --version                    Show the version.
    
    Assertable features: support-predepends, working-epoch, long-filenames,
      multi-conrep, multi-arch, versioned-provides.
    
    Validatable things: pkgname, archname, trigname, version.
    
    Use dpkg with -b, --build, -c, --contents, -e, --control, -I, --info,
      -f, --field, -x, --extract, -X, --vextract, --ctrl-tarfile, --fsys-tarfile
    on archives (type dpkg-deb --help).
    
    Options:
      --admindir=<directory>     Use <directory> instead of /var/lib/dpkg.
      --root=<directory>         Install on a different root directory.
      --instdir=<directory>      Change installation dir without changing admin dir.
      --path-exclude=<pattern>   Do not install paths which match a shell pattern.
      --path-include=<pattern>   Re-include a pattern after a previous exclusion.
      -O|--selected-only         Skip packages not selected for install/upgrade.
      -E|--skip-same-version     Skip packages whose same version is installed.
      -G|--refuse-downgrade      Skip packages with earlier version than installed.
      -B|--auto-deconfigure      Install even if it would break some other package.
      --[no-]triggers            Skip or force consequential trigger processing.
      --verify-format=<format>   Verify output format (supported: 'rpm').
      --no-debsig                Do not try to verify package signatures.
      --no-act|--dry-run|--simulate
                                 Just say what we would do - don't do it.
      -D|--debug=<octal>         Enable debugging (see -Dhelp or --debug=help).
      --status-fd <n>            Send status change updates to file descriptor <n>.
      --status-logger=<command>  Send status change updates to <command>'s stdin.
      --log=<filename>           Log status changes and actions to <filename>.
      --ignore-depends=<package>,...
                                 Ignore dependencies involving <package>.
      --force-...                Override problems (see --force-help).
      --no-force-...|--refuse-...
                                 Stop when problems encountered.
      --abort-after <n>          Abort after encountering <n> errors.
    
    Comparison operators for --compare-versions are:
      lt le eq ne ge gt       (treat empty version as earlier than any version);
      lt-nl le-nl ge-nl gt-nl (treat empty version as later than any version);
      < << <= = >= >> >       (only for compatibility with control file syntax).
    
    Use 'apt' or 'aptitude' for user-friendly package management.
    

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